>The Auschwitz Album

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IL dovere della memoria nei confronti degli innocenti che subirono la SHOAH deve essere coltivato minuto dopo minuto.
Io ogni giorno finche avrò fiato coltiverò questo dovere.

The Auschwitz Album is the only surviving visual evidence of the process of mass murder at Auschwitz-Birkenau. It is a unique document and was donated to Yad Vashem by Lilly Jacob-Zelmanovic Meier.
The photos were taken at the end of May or beginning of June 1944, either by Ernst Hofmann or by Bernhard Walter, two SS men whose task was to take ID photos and fingerprints of the inmates (not of the Jews who were sent directly to the gas chambers). The photos show the arrival of Hungarian Jews from Carpatho-Ruthenia. Many of them came from the Berehov Ghetto, which itself was a collecting point for Jews from several other small towns.
Early summer 1944 was the apex of the deportation of Hungarian Jewry. For this purpose a special rail line was extended from the railway station outside the camp to a ramp inside Auschwitz Many of the photos in the album were taken on the ramp. The Jews then went through a selection process, carried out by SS doctors and wardens. Those considered fit for work were sent into the camp, where they were registered, deloused and distributed to the barracks. The rest were sent to the gas chambers. They were gassed under the guise of a harmless shower, their bodies were cremated and the ashes were strewn in a nearby swamp. The Nazis not only ruthlessly exploited the labor of those they did not kill immediately, they also looted the belongings the Jews brought with them. Even gold fillings were extracted from the mouths of the dead by a special detachment of inmates. The personal effects the Jews brought with them were sorted by inmates and stored in an area referred to by the inmates as “Canada”: the ultimate land of plenty.
The photos in the album show the entire process except for the killing itself.
The purpose of the album is unclear. It was not intended for propaganda purposes, nor does it have any obvious personal use. One assumes that it was prepared as an official reference for a higher authority, as were photo albums from other concentration camps.
Lilly never hid the album and news of its existence was published many times. She was even called to present it as testimony at the Auschwitz trials in Frankfurt during the 1960s. She kept it all the years until the famous Nazi-hunter Serge Klarsfeld visited her in 1980, and convinced her to donate the album to Yad Vashem.
In 1994 the album was restored in Yad Vashem’s conservation laboratory and information on each one of the photos was typed into the computerized databank of the archive. The staff of the archive was able to compare and match the pictures with aerial photos taken by the US Army Air Force on several occasions in 1944-45. In 1999 the entire album was scanned with highest quality digital equipment.
There are 56 pages and 193 photos in the album. Some of the original pictures, presumably those given by Lilly to survivors who had identified relatives in the photographs, are missing. One of these pictures was recently donated to Yad Vashem.
Further reference:
Encyclopedia of the Holocaust, Tel-Aviv, 1990.Gilbert, Martin, Auschwitz and the Allies, New-York, 1981.Greif, Gideon, We Wept without Tears, Testimonies of the Jewish Sonderkommando from AuschwitzYale University Press and The Sue and Leonard Miller Center for Contemporary Judaic Studies, University of Miami, 2005Hoess, Rudolf, Commandant of Auschwitz, Cleveland, 1959.Klarsfeld, Serge (ed.), The Auschwitz Album. Lilly Jacob’s Album, New-York, 1980.Kraus, Ota & Kulka, Erich, The Death Factory: Document on Auschwitz, New-York, 1966

http://www1.yadvashem.org/exhibitions/album_auschwitz/10-13.html

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2 commenti su “>The Auschwitz Album”


  1. >In questi giorni tutti i giornali si scandalizzano per le offese all’Olocausto.Il presidente dell’Iran ha infatti concluso la conferenza internazionale sulla Shoà a cui hanno partecipato perfino rabbini ed europei.Il problema per me non è tanto se l’olocausto ci sia stato o meno, già un omicidio è un delitto inconfessabile e vergognoso.Più che altro bisogna capire se è vero il fatto che ci sono ebrei sull’Olocausto ci speculano.Per dirla meglio: si atteggiano continuamente a fare le vittime per poter fare i carnefici in maniera indisturbata.Mi riferisco ad un’altro olocausto, quello palestinese.Mi riferisco alla distruzione del Libano, nazione tanto cara alla Madonna.Mi riferisco al nuovo “muro di berlino” costruito dagli israeliani, che alla fine ha finito per dividere anche i palestinesi.Mi riferisco ai 300 missili a testata nucleare posseduti da Israele.Lo capiscono questo i cittadini israeliani?Non credo, credono piuttosto che loro siano continuamente minacciati da un nuovo Olocausto, grazie anche ai titoli dei giornali di cui sopra.Ma io, uomo del Sud Italia, cristiano, ho il diritto di dire queste cose oppure come succede oggi come oggi sarò bollato di anti-semitismo e quindi la mia opinione sarà delegittimata?Qualche giorno fa guardando lo sconfortante documentario sul “Vangelo di Giuda” mandato in onda su National Geographic, si raccontava che i 4 Vangeli del Nuovo Testamento, quelli riconosciuti dalla nostra Santa Chiesa Cattolica, “contribuiscono ad aumentare l’anti-semitismo nel mondo” perchè come è riportato nelle Scritture furono gli ebrei a far mettere in croce Gesù al posto del delinquente Barabba.Mentre lo speaker parlava, scorrevano le immagini dei campi di concentramento nazisti.Quanto detto non fa che confermare quello che penso e che ho scritto prima.Toglietemi tutto ma non il Cattolicesimo, se andiamo avanti così mi dovrò aspettare la censura dei Vangeli?Oppure conierò anche io un nuovo termine: anti-cristiano o anticristo….salutiGiulio Salvarenato

  2. Jack_Walsh Says:

    >Il dovere di ricordare la SHOAH ha lo scopo di non dimenticare, affinchè certe cose non abbiano più a ripetersi. Lezioen che vale per tutti, compreso il popolo che la SHOAH subì.


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